Maurice Allais, Nobel Price Laureate in Economics (1911-2010, Year of Entry: 1931)

After graduating top of his class from École Polytechnique, Maurice Allais joined École des Mines, where he later returned as a professor of economics in 1944. Author of the work, In Quest of an Economic Discipline, Allais brought the mathematical rigor of the hard sciences to the field of economics. A liberal, anti-globalist and protectionist, he wrote a number of essays that have been used for major financial and customs reforms since 1973. He denounced floating exchange rates, financial deregulation and the removal of customs protection. Maurice Allais was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1988.